Sri Lanka formerly known as Ceylon is a Small island nation south of India in the Indian Ocean. The island is unique due to its diversity in terns of experience that a visitor could gain by only traveling a few hours by road from one location to the other. The island boasts of rain forests, endemic wildlife, endless beaches, misty mountains and a history that goes back 2500 years.
Sri Lanka has more than 2,500 years of continuous written history by means of the Mahawansha, and was also mentioned in several ancient Indian texts. One of the most famous is the Ramayana, in which the island, which was referred to as Lanka, was the island fortress of the king Ravana.
The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century BC, probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced beginning in about the mid-3rd century BC, and a great civilization developed at such cities as Anuradhapura (kingdom from c. 200 BC to c. 1000 AD) and Polonnaruwa (c. 1070 to 1200). Other notable but relatively more recent kingdoms are Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola, Kandy and Jaffna Kingdoms.
Partially occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century, the coastal parts island was ceded to the British in 1796, and became a british colony in 1802. The entire island was ceded to the British in 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; the name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
The climate of Sri Lanka is known to be more or less constant throughout the year with the average temperature ranging from 30-35 °C. However you can expect rain anytime of the year in most parts. However, the two major rainy seasons are North-East monsoon (October to January) and South-West monsoon (May to July).
The temperature in the central parts of the country could be in the rage of 10-20°C throughout the year due to the Montanans geography.